The definition of yogurt by the World Health Organization and the International Dairy Federation is as follows: a coagulated product made by the lactic acid fermentation of milk, with or without the addition of milk powder, using the action of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilous.
The final product must contain substantial and corresponding live microorganisms.
In the past, Bulgaria's nomadic people often carried leather bags filled with goat milk on their shoulders. Due to the effect of body temperature, the milk became sour. They were inspired and found a method of processing yogurt.
At the end of the 18th century, the Turks introduced yogurt to the United States and later to Europe. It was not until the beginning of the 20th century that yogurt gradually became a popular food worldwide.
Yogurt is a nutritious food rich in nutrients such as protein, calcium, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, and phosphorus. Among them, calcium is one of the main minerals in yogurt and is very important for bone growth and maintaining bone health.
Vitamin B2 and B12 can help the body synthesize red blood cells and maintain the normal operation of the nervous system. Yogurt is also rich in high-quality protein, which can meet the energy needs of the human body and maintain muscle growth.
It is proven that yogurt has the highest absorption rate in natural food. You only need to drink 250 grams of yogurt every day to effectively prevent calcium deficiency. Generally speaking, it is best to drink yogurt 30 minutes to 2 hours after meals.
Yogurt contains a lot of nutrients, and the protein is particularly easy to absorb. Lactic acid bacteria can also promote the synthesis of substances that enhance immune function.
Yogurt can make the intestine move faster and supplement water. Middle-aged and elderly people who are more likely to have constipation have many benefits from drinking yogurt, including relieving constipation.
How to Buy Yogurt
1. Choose low-fat or non-fat yogurt: These yogurts usually contain less fat and are healthier.
2.Choose yogurt containing activated bacteria: Activated bacteria can promote intestinal health and play a role in the intestine.
3. Avoid buying yogurt with sugar: Many commercially available yogurts contain a large amount of sugar, which is not only unhealthy but also may cause obesity and other health problems.
4.Choose yogurt with vitamin D: Vitamin D can help the body absorb calcium and maintain bone health.
How to Eat Yogurt
1. Fruit yogurt: Yogurt and fruit are a very healthy and nutritious food combination. Fruits are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, and cellulose, while yogurt contains high-quality protein, calcium, vitamin D, and beneficial probiotics.
This combination can not only increase the taste of yogurt but also make the entire food combination more delicious and nutritious.
2. Breakfast: Yogurt can be part of breakfast. It can be eaten with cereals, fruits, or nuts to provide sufficient nutrition and energy.
3.Snacks: Yogurt can also be used as a snack, suitable for consumption in the office or during outdoor activities.
4.Seasoning: Yogurt can be used to replace high-calorie seasonings such as salad sauce and provide healthier flavors for food.
Yogurt is a nutritious, delicious, and healthy food. Choose a yogurt that suits your taste and needs, and consume it reasonably, allowing us to have better health and quality of life.